葡聚糖是葡萄糖酐聚合物。 由大约95%的α-D-(166)键组成。 剩余的(163)键是葡聚糖的分支。分支长度的冲突数据意味着平均分支长度小于三个葡萄糖单位。但是，其他方法表明存在大于 50 个葡萄糖单位的分支。已发现的天然葡聚糖分子量（MW）在900万至5亿范围内。MW较低的葡聚糖分支略少，MW分布范围较窄。MW大于10,000 的葡聚糖表现得似乎它们是高度支化的。 随着MW的增加，葡聚糖分子的对称性增强。 MW为2,000至10,000的葡聚糖表现出可膨胀线圈的特性。
FITC-葡聚糖被广泛用于运用显微荧光法进行微循环和细胞通透性研究。 FITC-葡聚糖被用于植物细胞壁孔隙度和毛细血管通透性研究。研究表明，血浆蛋白不与FITC-葡聚糖结合。 FITC-葡聚糖在心血管、微循环、灌注、细胞单层和细胞膜通透性研究中用作荧光通量示踪化合物，可实现对血流、膜损伤、血管引流和肾脏清除等过程进行检测。小FITC-葡聚糖也可用于检测内吞作用和细胞连接通透性等过程。20kDa的荧光素-葡聚糖可用于研究细胞过程，例如内吞和渗透。 FITC-葡聚糖-20可用于研究内皮或上皮单层孔隙度、细胞层内顶端-基底外侧运动和细胞连接通透性。FITC-葡聚糖-20可用作模型化合物，以研究水凝胶和胶原微棒等结构的药物释放。 用异硫氰酸荧光素标记的葡聚糖可用于动物的灌注研究。
通常以25 mg/ml或更高的浓度测试FITC葡聚糖在水中的溶解度。 溶液应避光保存。 在体内，FITC-葡聚糖稳定24小时以上。
Dextran is a polymer of anhydroglucose. It is composed of approximately 95% alpha-D-(166) linkages. The remaining (163) linkages account for the branching of dextran. Conflicting data on the branch lengths implies that the average branch length is less than three glucose units. However, other methods indicate branches of greater than 50 glucose units exist. Native dextran has been found to have a molecular weight (MW) in the range of 9 million to 500 million. Lower MW dextrans will exhibit slightly less branching and have a more narrow range of MW distribution. Dextrans with MW greater than 10,000 behave as if they are highly branched. As the MW increases, dextran molecules attain greater symmetry. Dextrans with MW of 2,000 to 10,000, exhibit the properties of an expandable coil. At MW below 2,000, dextran is more rod-like. The MW of dextran is measured by one or more of the following methods: low angle laser light scattering, size exclusion chromatography, copper-complexation and anthrone reagent colorometric reducing-end sugar determination and viscosity.
FITC-dextran is used extensively in microcirculation and cell permeability research utilizing microfluorimetry. FITC-dextran has been used to study plant cell wall porosity and capillary permeability. Plasma proteins have been shown not to bind to FITC-dextran. FITC-dextran is used in cardiovascular, microcirculation, perfusion, cell monolayer and cell membrane permeability research as fluorescent flux tracer compound that supports the measurement of processes such as blood flow, membrane damage, vascular drainage and renal elimination. Small FITC-dextrans are also used to measure processes such as endocytosis and cell junction permeability. Fluorescein-dextran, 20kDa, may be used to study cell processes such as endocytosis and osmoporation. FITC-dextran-20 may be used to study endothelial or epithelial monolayer porosity, apical-basolateral movements within cell layers and cell junction permeability. FITC-dextran-20 may be used as a model compound to study drug release from structures such as hydrogens and collagen minirods. Dextran labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate for possible use in perfusion studies in animals.
|Excitation and Emision Ranges||493 nm and 518 nm|